Design project in main studies | Hangar J 1000
The project design takes the previously neglected relationship between the state institution Bauhaus and the City of Dessau in view, in which significant contributions of the 20th Century art, architecture and technology have emerged. Among the major catalysts of the modernization of the city in the 1920s was the engineer and entrepreneur Hugo Junkers, who produced technical innovations from aircraft to the metal building in his factories. Junkers wanted to bring a housing factory into existence with the Bauhaus director Walter Gropius, and so the Bauhaus student Siegfried Ebeling, developed future-oriented ideas of "space as a membrane" under his direction.
The task of the student project is to design an exhibition hangar at the former site of the Junkers aircraft factory in Dessau. The hangar building is to be understood as an extension of the Museum of Technology and is dedicated to Junkers' aircraft and his architectural visions.
The central design motif is the changing perception of space through mobility. In 1929, the Bauhaus teacher Laszlo Moholy-Nagy coined the image of the "liquefaction of space" – a picture taken up under the influence of digital media again seventy years later in "liquid design": "The boundaries are fluid, the space will be taken in flight: huge number of relationships. The plane has a special task in this context: from the airplane, new views open up. Similarly, from the depths to the heights. But the most essential thing for us is the visibility of the plane, the fuller experience of space, because it places all the architectural ideas from yesterday in the shade." Starting from the new experiences of space with modern transport, Moholy-Nagy invoked an architecture of relationships: "In the past we created from visible, measurable, well-proportioned building mass enclosed body which were called interior design; today's space experiences are based on the in-and outflow of spatial relations in simultaneous penetration from the inside and outside, top and bottom, to the often invisible impact of power relationships, which are given in the materials." In notations and models, the design participants are to study the perception of space in flight and its impact on the built space.
The project is in cooperation with the laboratory for processing technology, HAWK Hildesheim.
As design and materialization media, a 2D laser cutting machine, a 3D printer, CNC Styrofoam cutter and a 5-axis CNC milling cutter will be used.
Directed by Dr. des. Carolin Höfler, Prof. Matthias Karch